Fort Amsterdam built by the Dutch at the tip of Manhattan Island.
Fort Amsterdam becomes the administrative center of New Netherland.
September 8 — Fort Amsterdam surrendered to the British and renamed Fort James.
Fort James captured by the Dutch; briefly held as Fort Willem Hendrick.
Fort James, renamed successively Fort William, Fort Anne and Fort George, serves as the administrative center of the Province of New York.
Governor Dongan mounts a cannon on the beach below Fort James – the original “Battery”.
Captain Jacob Leisler seizes Fort James in the name of King William and builds a “Halfe Moone” battery on rocks west of the fort.
Leisler surrenders fort after brief siege.
Governor Fletcher builds a new battery under the fort wall.
Shoreline near the fort is reserved for military purposes.
A new battery is built on the Capske rocks south of the fort.
Fortifications with 92 guns in position below Fort George. November 3 — Guns on the Battery spiked during the Stamp Act riots.
Fort George and the Battery occupied by American forces.
July 12 — The Battery engages British frigates.
September 2–14 The Battery engages guns on Governor’s Island.
Fort George and the Battery occupied by British forces.
November 25 — British colors at Fort George hauled down, marking the end of Imperial rule. Later celebrated as Evacuation Day.
Fort George demolished and the Battery is extended as a public promenade.
Temporary fortifications erected on the Battery.
Permanent fortifications for New York planned, including a “castle” on Manhattan Island.
The City and State of New York cede lands at the Battery for fortifications.
Foundations laid for the new fort on an artificial island off shore of the Battery.
November 25 — West Battery, just completed, fires Evacuation Day salute.
West Battery continuously garrisoned during the War of 1812.
May 30 — West Battery, renamed Castle Clinton, becomes headquarters for the Third Military District. Military headquarters removed to Governors Island.
Castle Clinton ceded to the City of New York.
Remodeled as Castle Garden, the structure becomes a public entertainment center.
September 14 — The Marquis de Lafayette, on farewell tour, received at Castle Garden.
October 18 — First public demonstration of the telegraph.
September 11 — Opera singer Jenny Lind gives her first concert in America.
December 5 — The Hungarian patriot, Louis Kossuth, received.
Extension of the Battery joins Castle Garden to Manhattan Island.
Castle Garden leased to New York State Commissioners of Emigration.
More than 8,000,000 future Americans pass through Castle Garden.
Castle Garden gutted by fire; immediately it is rebuilt.
April 18 — Immigrants land for the last time at Castle Garden.
Castle Garden is remodeled to become the New York Aquarium.
Aquarium dismantled to make way for Robert Moses’ never–built “Brooklyn to Battery Bridge” provoking a major preservation battle.
August 12 — Congress authorizes establishment of Castle Clinton National Monument, saving the historic walls. Castle Clinton dedicated as a National Monument and turned over to National Park Service.
Ticketing for the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island moved to Castle Clinton, which is restored to its fortification appearance.
The Battery Conservancy begins operations to rebuild and revitalize the park and Castle Clinton National Monument with its government partners NYC Parks & Recreation, New York State Parks, and the National Parks Service.
Music at Castle Clinton series returns regularly scheduled musical performances to the Castle for the first time since Castle Garden’s last performance in 1854.
The renovated harbor promenade is open to the public.
Rebuilt upper promenade with Gardens of Remembrance open, signaling the beginning of The Battery’s horticultural era.
Construction of The Battery Labyrinth is completed.
First Lady Laura Bush visits The Battery to unveil the bronze plaques to commemorate the Gardens of Remembrance.
Battery Bosque Gardens open June 2nd.
150th Anniversary of Castle Garden. Launch of CastleGarden.org website on August 1st.
First Annual Battery Plant Sale
First Annual Battery Luncheon
May 12, 2011 Celebration of The Opening of Peter Minuit Plaza
Opening of The New Amsterdam Plein Pavilion
June 7, 2011 The Battery Celebrated its sweet sixteen Benefit and the success of new The Urban Farm